从雅思高分范文中学习英语写作的逻辑思维!

英语写作的最基本要求是语言流畅,立论清晰,论证有理有据,而这仅靠背单词和学语法是不够的。因为写作是思维逻辑的一种展现形式,如果写作时逻辑混乱就会使得写出来的文章表意不清,不知所云。所以,写好一篇写出清晰严谨的文章,首先要提高逻辑思维能力。这里推荐一家不错的在线外教一对一的美式英语培训英语学习机构,有免费试听课:【http://www.acadsoc.com.cn/】,很多人都跟我推荐的这家!

英语是一门极其讲究逻辑形式的语言,一个句子有严格的人称、数、格要求,和严谨的主谓结构;句子间多用关联词语,重视形式的对应和显性衔接;段落间突出衔接和连贯,而不仅是简单的单词语句机械性堆砌,句子之间,段落之间存在严谨的逻辑关系的。

举个例子, 这是一篇雅思关于公共交通的高分作文;

We are now really ambivalent about private cars because they, despite contributing greatly to our life, are also the root causes for chains of aftermaths: intensification of congestion, worsening air quality, and even the decrease of public physique. Being afraid that the situation will go further, we are now putting public transportation again in our sights. However, because of some subtle reasons, instancing vanity or self-esteem, some of us turn their backs to accepting short-distance buses or interstate coaches. Thus, several approaches should be adopted to encourage them.

仔细阅读之后会发现,这段文章中的句子之间在逻辑上紧密联系,缺少一个连词都会是文章的语义不连贯。如果句子之间的衔接没做好,缺少该有的练习表示转折或因果关系,写出来的文章会表示不清,毫无逻辑。比如这样,

 

I go traveling with myt friends. When the new term comes, I will surprisingly find my oral English is much improved. So I firmly believe book is not only the source of knowledge.

为什么这个句子读起来感觉很奇怪?因为句子之间没有逻辑关系:”go traveling ” 与后面的”my oral English is much improved” 并没有必然联系,逻辑上讲不通。

除了句子之间的衔接,段落之间逻辑关系也非常重要。比如还是这篇雅思高分作文,段落的结构非常清晰,开头都有主题句来引领全段,而且段落与段落之间是层层递进的关系。

1. Thus, several approaches should be adopted to encourage them.

2. The re-organization of bus routes and improvement of infrastructure should come first.

3. Another strategy for stirring the public to use public transportation should be related to governmental propaganda and some special services should also be provided aboard.

4. In conclusion, the popularity of public transportation can only be fulfilled by the government and public.

从这篇文章就可以看到,要写出逻辑清晰的文章,要特别注意句子以及段落之间的衔接和连贯,最基本也是最重要的要求就是用好连接词。在写作中常见的连接词有下面几个常用的连接词:

表示罗列增加

First, second, third, First, then / next, after that / next, finally For one thing … for another…, On (the) one hand…on the other hand,Besides / what’s more / in addition / furthermore / moreover / another / also, Especially / In particular,

表示时间顺序

now, at present, recently,after, afterwards, after that, after a while, in a few days,at first, in the beginning, to begin with, later, next, finally,immediately, soon, suddenly, all of a sudden, at that moment, as soon as, the moment form now on, from then on, at the same time, meanwhile, till, not…until, before, after, when, while, as during,

表示解释说明

now, in addition, for example, for instance, in this case, moreover furthermore, in fact, actually

表示转折关系

but, however, while, though, or, otherwise, on the contrary, on the other hand, in contrast, despite, in spite of, even though, except (for), instead, of course, after all,

表示并列关系

or, and, also, too, not only … but also, as well as, both… and, either …or,neither …nor

表示因果关系

because, because of, since, now that, as, thanks to…, due to…, therefore, as a result (of), otherwise, so…that, such…that

表示条件关系

as (so) long as, on condition that, if, unless

表示让步关系

though, although, as, even if, even though, whether …or…, however, whoever, whatever, whichever, wherever, whenever, no matter how (who, what, which, where, when, whom)

表示举例

for example, for instance, such as…, take… for example

表示比较

be similar to, similarly, the same as, in contrast, compared with (to)…just like, just as,

表示目的

for this reason,, for this purpose, so that, in order to, so as to,

表示强调

in deed, in fact, surely, certainly, no doubt, without any doubt, truly, obviously, above all,

表示概括归纳

in a word, in short, in brief, on the whole, generally speaking, in my opinion, as far as I know, As we all know, as has been stated,as I have shown, finally, at last, in summary, in conclusion

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  • 雪月思乡
    雪月思乡(2020-04-11 12:19:37)
    要是英语不过关,会影响我们找工作的有时间的话就多去试听感受下
  • 取个啊响亮名字
    取个啊响亮名字(2020-04-11 12:23:15)
    首先,要感谢一下英语这个平台能给儿子建立一个这么好的学习环境,其次要感谢一下英语的外教师资团队,能教给儿子一个很好的学习方法,使他每天都再快乐中学习到知识,希望英语能够再改良一下收费方法,能适合更多的消费人群,我儿子的时间不是特别多想按课时交钱,每次学习多久就交多少钱,如果这样应该能省一部分费用,不过这都不是重要的,只要儿子能把学习成绩稳定住付出什么都是值得的
  • ru...o@163.com
    ru...o@163.com(2020-04-11 12:23:18)
    我是一名企业助理,有些资料整理起来很是吃力,经过一段在英语在线培训,工作起来容易多了。
  • quemiliang
    quemiliang(2020-04-11 12:27:39)
    现在都是互联网的时代了哦上学习为提高口语水平,总体感觉还可以,可以随时随地学习就挺好的
  • 贪素成ylq419
    贪素成ylq419(2020-04-11 12:37:26)
    主要是的班主任敬业啊,一直都给汇报孩子学习情况
  • 敏梓晗懿瀚
    敏梓晗懿瀚(2020-04-11 12:41:05)
    宝贝通过英语学习,英语成绩简直突飞猛进的提升,原来再班级里20多名,自从跟老师学习之后现在每次考试都再前十名,而且有好多再学校陌生的英语单词宝贝已经都学完了,再学校的学习压力少了,孩子每天的心情也好了,现在我们全家人都为他骄傲。非常感谢英语给孩子带来的进步与快乐!
  • 买挂面吗老弟
    买挂面吗老弟(2020-04-11 12:43:13)
    因为工作原因,没办法每天做到接送孩子去学习课外的课程,只能让他网上授课,刚开始我还担心他接受不了网上授课,更担心他会偷偷地利用互联网去玩游戏,这样只会适得其反。好几次我都偷偷的观察我孩子,没想到我的担心是多余的,孩子学习得特别好。看见他和的老师特别愉快的互动,并且还主动地去看看课外的单词量,现在认识的单词量比我还多了。的老师都是外教老师。用纯正的英语去教孩子学习,并且还是一对一教学,使师生间的联系变得紧密,避免了行业内流行的师生教学关系不固定的弊端,在提升教学效果的同时,也让孩子获得陪伴式学习关怀。谢...
  • 我爱00718
    我爱00718(2020-04-11 12:51:36)
    英语上直播课是免费,经常陪孩子上他们的直播课,这是英语的特色课程
  • 挖拘海
    挖拘海(2020-04-11 13:03:34)
    "我是朋友推荐的,所以非常信任能选择在真是太正确了,很给力。"

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